life story books
Same last name
Ali Jinnah
Same country of birth
Pakistan
Same year of birth
1876
Same profession
Lawyer

Mohammad Ali Jinnah

Fathers name: Jinnah Poonja

Mothers name: Mithibai Poonja

Country of Birth:

Pakistan

Year of birth: 1876

Places of Residence:

Karachi

Brothers/sisters: Fatima Ali Jinnah and Ahemad Ali Jinnah

Studies: Law

Profession: Lawyer

Early Life

The life story of Mohammad Ali Jinnah - picture 1 Young Jinnah
Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born in Karachi on December 25,to Mahomedali Jinnahbhai to a Gujarati family in Wazir Mansion Karachi. 1876.He had six siblings: three brothers—Ahmad Ali, Bunde Ali, and Rahmat Ali—and three sisters: Maryam, Fatima and Shireen.Their mother tongue was Gujarati; in time they also came to speak Kutchi, Sindhi and English. The proper Muslim names of Mr. Jinnah and his siblings, unlike those of his father and grandfather, are the consequence of the family's migration to the predominantly Muslim state of SindhHe was a lawyer, politician, statesman and the founder of Pakistan. He is popularly and officialJinnah was a restless student and studied at several schools: first at the Sindh-Madrasa-tul-Islam in Karachi; then briefly at the Gokal Das Tej Primary School in Bombay; and finally at the Christian Missionary Society High School in Karachi where, at the age of 16, he passed the matriculation examination of the University of Bombay. known in Pakistan as Quaid-e-Azam .He was a bright student and was very intelligent.Jinnah was offered an apprenticeship at the London office of Graham's Shipping and Trading Company, a business that had extensive dealings with Jinnahbhai Poonja's firm in Karachi. Before he left for England in 1892, at his mother's urging, he married his distant cousin—Emibai Jinnah, who was two years his junior; she died a few months later. During his sojourn in England, his mother too would pass away. In London, Jinnah soon gave up the apprenticeship to study law instead, by joining Lincoln's Inn. It is said that the sole reason of Jinnah's joining Lincoln's Inn is that the main entrance to the Lincoln's Inn had the names of the world's all-time top-ten lawgivers, and that this list was led by Muhammad. This story, however, has no basis in fact. In three years, at age 19, he became the youngest Indian to be called to the bar in England.
During his student years in England, Jinnah came under the spell of 19th-century British liberalism, like many other future Indian independence leaders. This education included exposure to the idea of the democratic nation and progressive politics. He admired William Gladstone and John Morley, British liberal statesmen.An admirer of the Indian political leaders Dadabhai Naoroji and Sir Pherozeshah Mehta, he worked with other Indian students on the former's successful campaign to become the first Indian to hold a seat in the British Parliament.
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Political Struggle And Achievements

The life story of Mohammad Ali Jinnah - picture 2 Father of the Nation
In 1906, Jinnah joined the Indian National Congress, which was the largest Indian political organization. Like most of the Congress at the time, Jinnah did not favor outright independence, considering British influences on education, law, culture and industry as beneficial to India. Jinnah became a member on the 60-member Imperial Legislative Council. The council had no real power, and included a large number of UN-elected pro-Raj loyalists and Europeans. During World War I, Jinnah joined other Indian moderates in supporting the British war effort, hoping that Indians would be rewarded with political freedoms.jinnah had initially avoided joining the All India Muslim League, founded in 1906, regarding it as too Muslim oriented. However, he decided to provide leadership to the Muslim minority. Eventually, he joined the League in 1913 and became the president at the 1916 session in Lucknow. Jinnah was the architect of the 1916 Lucknow Pact between the Congress and the League, bringing them together on most issues regarding self-government and presenting a united front to the British. Jinnah broke with the Congress in 1920 when the Congress leader, Mohandas Gandhi, launched a Non-Cooperation Movement against the British, which Jinnah disapproved of. Unlike most Congress leaders, Gandhi did not wear western-style clothing, did his best to use an Indian language instead of English, and was deeply rooted in Indian culture. Gandhi's local style of leadership gained great popularity with the Indian people. Jinnah criticized Gandhi's support of the Khilafat Movement, which he saw as an endorsement of religious zealotry. Jinnah quit the Congress, with a prophetic warning that Gandhi's method of mass struggle would lead to divisions between Hindus and Muslims and within the two communities.Becoming president of the Muslim League, Jinnah was drawn into a conflict between a pro-Congress faction and a pro-British faction.In 1927, Jinnah entered negotiations with Muslim and Hindu leaders on the issue of a future constitution, during the struggle against the all-British Simon Commission. The League wanted separate electorates while the Nehru Report favored joint electorates. Jinnah personally opposed separate electorates, but then drafted compromises and put forth demands that he thought would satisfy both. These became known as the 14 points of Mr. Jinnah. However, they were rejected by the Congress and other political parties.
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